dena Study

Integrated Energy Transition

It is the Federal Government’s objective to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Germany by 80 to 95 per cent by 2050 compared to 1990. In addition to increasing energy efficiency, this requires an increase in the use of electricity from renewable energy in all consumption sectors – industry, buildings and mobility. Furthermore, all producers and consumers from the various sectors must be brought together in a smart energy system and the appropriate technical infrastructures must be created.

In order to successfully shape the second phase of the energy transition, dena Study Integrated Energy Transition examines possible transformation paths in dialogue with numerous stakeholders from science and politics as well as more than 60 partners from different branches of industry and sectors that will lead to a climate-friendly energy system in 2050.

Press Release, Berlin

dena Study Integrated Energy Transition: Germany needs a clear 2050 climate target

Target corridor of 80 to 95 per cent less CO2 emissions can be achieved with various scenarios / Significant increase in energy efficiency and renewable energy required / Synthetic fuels supplement electrification / Kuhlmann: “The integrated energy transition requires integrated policy concepts. There are good reasons to re-think how energy and climate protection policies are shaped.”

 Andreas Kuhlmann
Chief Executive


Our common goal was to better understand the systemic connections, identify the best possible transformation paths to achieve the climate targets and provide advice and a recommended course of action.

dena Study Integrated Energy Transition

The dena Study Integrated Energy Transition examines the impact of energy production and distribution, building, mobility and industry sectors as well as their interactions and dependencies with a view to designing an integrated, climate-friendly energy system in 2050.

To do so, dena is working with more than 60 partners from industry and science on identifying the most promising transformation paths to restructure the energy system. The four modules of the Study:

Module: Mobility

What does the schedule for the phaseout of fossil fuels in the transport sector look like? From when will the development of an independent hydrogen infrastructure be necessary? Which future role will refineries play in the production of energy sources?

Module: Industry

Which technologies are required to reduce emissions in energy-intensive industry sectors, such as the production of aluminium and steel? What is the role of demand-side management?

Module: Buildings

What does the development of the energy mix in the building sector look like? Which measures need to be introduced in both new and existing buildings in order to achieve the heating transition targets? These are questions answered in the module Buildings.

Module: Energy production and distribution

What are realistic transformation paths for the energy system? Which regional and supra-regional infrastructure requirements can be expected for electricity, gas, and heating? Which adjustments would be necessary in the case of increasing electrification? What is the function of the European internal market?

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