Reaching carbon neutrality by 2060 is an ambitious goal by the world’s largest economy. Energy supply in China still mainly relies on coal, with wind and solar accounting for only approx. 10 % of annual electricity generation. However, renewable energy development is making great strides: In 2020 alone, China added 72 GW wind and 48 GW solar generation capacity. Over the next few years, the country will integrate increasing quantities of fluctuating renewables and will need to redefine its energy system to reflect this trend adequately.
The efficient integration of fluctuating renewables into the system needs a smart electricity grid, flexibility, a market design that allows for the coordination of many relatively small producers, perspectives for local solutions, as well as sector coupling. Germany has experience integrating renewables safely and efficiently into the system, and develops innovative solutions to achieve a climate-neutral energy system.
Through the EnTrans project GIZ, dena and Agora Energiewende foster the exchange of expertise between Germany and China. dena is involved in the work of five working groups concerned with the following topics:
Studies, workshops, as well as the direct exchange between German and Chinese experts will enable the sharing of knowledge, with the goal of giving targeted recommendations on the successful development of the Chinese energy system.
The EnTrans project is a component of the Sino-German Energy Partnership (EP) with focus on supporting research cooperation between German and Chinese think tanks. As the central platform for energy dialogue, the EP seeks to strengthen the ties between China and Germany on energy issues. The EnTrans project builds on experiences of a project on energy system transformation in China, which dena conducted together with GIZ the Chinese think tank CNREC (China National Renewable Energy Center) and other partners from 2016 to 2019.
The project and its working groups will contribute to the successful integration of renewables into the Chinese energy system and to reaching the goal of carbon neutrality by 2060. This would be a major success in the joint global effort of limiting carbon emissions and fighting climate change.
Further Information on the project is available in the EnTrans project-brochure by the Sino-German Energy Partnership.