The public sector accounts for final energy consumption of around 60 billion kilowatt hours per year. In 2014, public institutions were responsible for roughly one tenth of net electricity consumption in Germany, which in turn incurred electricity costs of over two billion euros. The heating and air conditioning costs for public buildings is also a significant factor in municipal energy consumption. Germany’s municipalities even spend approximately €3.8 bn simply to provide their properties with electricity and heating. An additional 1 billion euros are assigned to street lighting.
Energy-efficient refurbishment of public buildings and properties, for instance administrative buildings, schools and swimming pools, offers the greatest savings potential. Suitable measures could generate substantial savings, hence ensuring that investments in the improvement of energy efficiency would be profitable undertakings. On average, highly energy-efficient refurbishment measures can lead to an 80 percent reduction in energy consumption. Modern heating pumps use up to 80 percent less electricity. Moreover, modern lighting systems can reduce the electricity costs even by 75 percent compared with previous systems. Greater energy efficiency therefore helps to ease the burden on the public coffers in the long term.