The aim of the dialogue between industry representatives, scientists and politicians was to shed light on the market development of Power-to-X (PtX) technologies and synthetic energy sources in Europe and worldwide and to discuss proposals for creating suitable framework conditions.
In his opening speech, Mr. Etienne Oudot de Dainville, Minister for Economic Affairs of the French Embassy, emphasized the importance of cooperation between Germany and France in the energy system transformation process in order to bundle forces in research and market development and exploit synergies. Dr. Tudor Constantinescu, Principal Adviser in the DG Energy of the European Commission, focused on the framework conditions for flexibility and storage technologies that need to be adapted to the challenges of sector coupling and digitisation. Dr. Axel Bree of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Energy (BMWi) also stressed the importance of PtX for the decarbonisation of the sectors. He referred to the currently expected tender for so-called "real laboratories" of the Energy Turnaround, which will act as a bridge to enable upscaling and trigger the market ramp-up for PtX. In the subsequent discussion with Dr. Tudor Constantinescu and Dr. Axel Bree, as well as Dr. Tobias Bischof-Niemz, Head of Corporate Business Development at Enertrag AG and Dr. Ralf Stöckel, Advisor New Energies/Sustainable Development at TOTAL Deutschland GmbH, all participants confirmed the pressure to act from an ecological and industrial policy perspective. The market ramp-up of Power to Gas must now be initiated and accompanied by the appropriate framework conditions and cooperation between old and new as well as between national and international players.
In the afternoon, experts from Germany and Europe presented their showcase projects for a clean and sustainable energy supply with renewable energies and PtX technologies. The motivations and approaches of the stakeholders are as varied as the challenges of the individual projects or the technologies used. In the Netherlands, reported René Schutte, Program Manager Hydrogen at N.V. Nederlandse Gasunie, industry is the focus of the hydrogen strategy, while Japan focuses on large-scale supply of households and public buildings, as Johanna Schilling, Senior Project Manager at ECOS, explained. Amprion GmbH plans to use power to gas as a sector transformer and thus better integrate renewable electricity into the grid, reported Dr. Erik Riedel, Head of Scenario Development, while the Dresden-based company Sunfire is currently planning and implementing major projects in Northern Europe, in particular Norway and Iceland, because they believe that the most favourable conditions for generating power fuels are available there - for cost reasons, but also with regard to the given investment security, says Karl Hauptmeier, Senior Product Manager Electrolysis.
At the concluding panel discussion, Paul Lucchese, Chairman of the Hydrogen Technology Collaboration Program (TCP) of the International Energy Agency (IEA), and Hannes Seidl, Head of Energy Systems and Energy Services at dena, spoke out in favour of stronger international cooperation and cooperation between the players. Global efforts and a global market for power fuels are necessary to achieve the climate targets and decarbonise the energy system, also because of the pressure on land and the problems of acceptance in Europe and better production conditions in countries with higher potentials for renewable energies. However, the greatest challenge remains the regulatory framework, the adaptation of which must be accelerated, said Paul Lucchese. Another important step will be the G20 meeting in Japan in June 2019, at which hydrogen will play an important role.
The dena-Dialogue-Forum „Pathways to decarbonisation and international markets for Power to X“ was the third event in this series of dena's Power to Gas strategy platform. More information on the Power to Gas strategy platform and a review of past dialogue forums can be found at www.powertogas.info.